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Why is the Old Testament put together with the New Testament? Jesus was a Jew, not a Christian. Jews did not or do not put the New Testament with their Torah, Tanakh, Halakha, etc. Jews see Jesus as a great prophet, not the Messiah. Christians only see Jesus as Messiah. Different religions, different books.
Apples And Oranges
Dear Apples And Oranges,
There is a great dispute in the religious world about what parts of the Bible to follow. Some people follow just the New Testament, some the Old Testament, and the majority fit somewhere in-between those two positions. The answer is in the word “testament”. Testament means ‘covenant’ or ‘contract’. There is the old contract that people followed before Christ came (Gal 3:24-25), and Christians are under the new law that Jesus set up (Rom 8:2). If you are going to be a Christian, the New Testament (i.e. new contract) is your rulebook.
So what use is the Old Testament to Christians? It is still a great teaching tool for several reasons:
- Examples of good and bad lifestyles (1 Cor 10:1-6, Heb 12:1)
- Prophecies about Jesus and His church (1 Pet 1:10-12)
- Explanations of where we came from (Gen 1:1)
- Knowledge of the world Jesus lived in
- God wrote it!
The Old Testament is not the place to go to find the specific standards you should live by, but it is a wonderful place to see God at work, interacting in the lives of men. God’s character never changes, and how He valued His old contract should impress upon us how important the new one is (Heb 2:1-3).
In Genesis 6:2, who are the sons of God? Are they human? If so, why are they titled different from daughters of men? If not, are they heavenly beings, and if so, can they sin? That's a bunch of questions in one and probably will give rise to more when you provide an answer.
Dear Tracing Titles,
The sons of God referred to in Gen 6:2 are mortal men. This language seems confusing at first, but it is perfectly scriptural to refer to mankind as ‘sons and daughters of God’. In fact, Jesus mentions that we are all sons of God (Jhn 10:34-36). Gal 3:26 refers to christians as children of God. Humans are made in the image of God (Gen 1:27), and that makes Him our Father (Eph 4:6). Gen 6:2 is simply stating that men married women, had children, and populated the earth. We can't know for sure why the titling difference between "sons of God", and "daughters of men", but it may be as simple as making the text more interesting to read – the same reason all good writing uses a diversity of descriptive terms.
Will someone explain to me how if Adam and Eve were the first humans, how Cain could marry a woman who lived in Nod? Genesis made it very clear that Adam and Eve are not the parents of her.
Please answer. If I find your answer, I will be back to your site.
Eve is the mother of all living (Gen 3:20). In the beginning, there were only Adam and Eve. Adam and Eve had multiple children (Gen 5:3-4). In the genealogies of Genesis 5, none of the daughters are named – only the sons. This is because Jewish genealogies (and Genesis is a Jewish book) follow the male lineage – we never know the dates or names of the daughters that are born. Cain was Adam’s firstborn son (Gen 4:1). When Cain went to find a wife, the only logical person he could marry would be his sister. Therefore, Cain’s wife was also his sister (Gen 4:17).
It is morally repugnant in today’s society for someone to marry his sister, but it wasn’t that way in the beginning. In the beginning, they had no other choice. God told the family of Adam to “go forth and multiply” (Gen 1:28). When Adam’s sons and daughters intermarried, they fulfilled God’s command. God didn’t prohibit close intermarriage until almost 2,500 years after Adam and Eve (Lev 18:9-17). As far as her living in Nod, the Bible never says Cain’s wife was from Nod (Gen. 4:16-17) – it simply says that Cain moved to Nod. He may very well have married her before going there.
A note to our readers: we've received a lot of requests for video tutorials addressing common questions. Here is one explaining the differences between the Old Testament and the New Testament. Happy studying!
- The AYP Team